Geologist Job Overview Geologists study the materials that make up the earth and earth processes, such as floods, ...
Geologist Job Overview
Geologists study the materials that make up the earth and earth processes, such as floods, earthquakes, landslides and volcanic eruptions. They work in a variety of industries, including oil and gas, mining, construction, environmental conservation and chemical. Most geologists split their time between fieldwork and work in a laboratory or office. Geologists generally choose a specialisation; some common specialties include geologist environmental geologist jobs. Some typical geologist tasks might include:
- Examine and study rock cores, minerals and fossils
- Perform geochemical sampling and analysis of soil and sediment
- Determine economic viability of extracting minerals from the earth
- Prepare geological models, maps and reports
- Evaluate and investigate groundwater for contamination
- Analyse the effects of climate change on earth resources
- Plan and conduct surveys and field studies
Geologist Job Education Requirements
Most geologist jobs require a four-year degree at a minimum; many jobs, especially those involving research, require advanced degrees. In addition to coursework in geology and earth sciences, most geologists complete advanced classes in computer science, math, statistics and engineering. Students can prepare to enter a university program in geology by taking advanced math and science classes.
Geologist Job Market
Government data suggests that the job market for geologists and geologist-related jobs will be about average to slightly higher than average for the coming decade. Individuals with education, training and experience in geology and geochemistry stand to benefit from increased demand globally for natural resources and raw materials. The mining, petroleum and petrochemical industries will continue to be a good source of job opportunities for geologists.
Geologist Job Salary Information
According to the most recently available data, the highest median salary for a geologist in Calgary, Alberta, was C$48.08 per hour, and the lowest median salary was C$33.13 in Ontario. Most geologists can expect to earn an annual salary in the range of C$75,000 to C$90,000 per year. Geologists with advanced degrees and several years of experience can earn as much as C$140,000 to C$160,000 per year.